Medical leech therapy

 

Indications1

  • Abscess – a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue

  • Acute Hearing Loss – a suddenly occurring difficulty in hearing or sometimes deafness

    due to a dysfunction of blood circulation in the inner ear

  • Angina Pectoris – a disease marked by brief, temporary attacks of chest pain precipitated by deficient oxygenation of the heart muscles)

  • Arthritis – inflammation of joints due to infectious, metabolic or constitutional causes

  • Circulatory Disorder of the Eye – dysfunction of the eye caused by a change in blood

    vessels and reduced supply of blood to the eye

  • Degenerative Arthritis (Osteoarthritis) – arthritis typically with onset during middle or old age that is characterized by degenerative and sometimes hypertrophic changes in the bone and cartilage of one or more joints and a progressive wearing down of apposing joint surfaces with consequent distortion of joint position and is marked symptomatically especially by pain, swelling, and stiffness

  • Depression -- a psychoneurotic or psychotic disorder marked especially by sadness,

    inactivity, difficulty with thinking and concentration, a significant increase or decrease in appetite and time spent sleeping, feelings of dejection and hopelessness and sometimes suicidal thoughts or an attempt to commit suicide

  • Gallbladder Infection – an infection of the gallbladder, usually bacterial and caused by the impairment of voluntary, natural movements in the gallbladder with fragmented or jerky motions and backing up of bile resulting in a feeling of fullness, pain in the upper stomach, vomiting and fever.

  • Hematoma, Bruise – a mass of usually clotted blood that forms in a tissue, organ or body space as a result of broken blood vessels

  • Hemorrhoids (Piles) – a mass of dilated veins in swollen tissue at the margin of the anus or nearby within the rectum

  • Intraocular Pressure – the pressure within the eyeball that gives it a round, firm shape and is caused by the aqueous humor and vitreous body

  • Ménière's Disease – a disorder of the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear that is

  • marked by recurrent attacks of dizziness, ringing of the ears (tinnitus) and hearing loss

  • Migraine -- a condition that is marked by recurrent, usually unilateral severe headache,

  • often accompanied by nausea and vomiting and followed by sleep, that tends to occur in more than one member of a family and that is of uncertain origin though attacks appear to be precipitated by dilatation of intracranial blood vessels

  • Muscle pains

  • Nodules in the Brest (benign) – a small mass of rounded or irregular shape, a small

    abnormal knobby bodily protuberance as a tumorous growth of a mild type or character

  • that does not threaten health or life, having a good prognosis or responding favorably to treatment

  • Orchitis – inflammation of a testis

  • Otitis Media – an acute or chronic inflammation of the middle ear, especially an acute

  • inflammation in infants or young children, that is caused by a virus or bacterium, which

    usually occurs as a complication of an upper respiratory infection and is marked by

    earache, fever, hearing loss and sometimes rupture of the ear drum (tympanic membrane)

  • Painful menstruationunusually painful discharging of blood, secretions and tissue debris from the uterus that recurs at approximately monthly intervals and that is considered to represent a readjustment of the uterus to the non-pregnant state

  • Phlebitis – inflammation of a vein

  • Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery -- surgery concerned with the repair, restoration or

  • improvement of lost, injured, defective or misshapen parts of the body chiefly by transfer of tissue; surgery to restore function or normal appearance by remaking defective organs or parts

  • Rheumatism – any of various conditions characterized by inflammation or pain in muscles, joints or fibrous tissue

  • Shingles (Herpes Zoster) – an acute viral inflammation of the sensory nerve tissue

    (ganglia) of spinal and cranial nerves associated with a vesicular eruption and neuralgic pain and caused by reactivation of the herpes virus causing chicken pox

  • Slipped Disc (Prolapsus nuclei pulposi, Discusprolaps) – a protrusion of an intervertebral disk and its nucleus that produces pressure upon spinal nerves resulting in low-back pain and often pain near the hip (sciatic pain)

  • Spinal Column Aches (Vertebral Aches)

  • Sprain (Distortion) – stretching or tearing of ligaments often with rupture of blood vessels and hemorrhage into the tissues

  • Tenosynovitis (tendovaginitis) – inflammation of a tendon sheath

  • Tension Headache – headache marked by mild to moderate pain of variable duration that affects both sides of the head and is typically accompanied by contraction of neck and scalp muscles

  • Thrombosis – the formation or presence of a blood clot within a blood vessel

  • Tinnitus – a sensation of noise (as a ringing or roaring) that is caused by a bodily condition (as a disturbance of the auditory nerve or wax in the ear) and typically is of the subjective form which can only be heard by the one affected ear

  • Tonsillitis – an inflammation of the tonsils typically due to viral or bacterial infection,

marked by red, enlarged tonsils, usually with sore throat, fever, difficulty swallowing,

hoarseness or loss of voice and tender or swollen lymph nodes

  • Tooth infections (Apikale Periodontitis, Apikale Ostitis)

  • Torn muscle fiber

  • Varices (Varicose Veins) -- abnormally dilated and lengthened veins, arteries or lymph

  • vessels

  • and much more ….

  •  

Contraindications

  • Acute infectious disease

  • Allergy to the leech secretion

  • Anaemia (pronounced and slight anaemia) – a condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, in hemoglobin or in total volume

  • Disorders or impairments in healing of wounds

  • Gastric Ulcer or Gastric Inflammation (Gastritis) – inflammation especially of the mucous membrane of the stomach

  • Hemophilia – hereditary blood defect that occurs almost exclusively in males and is

characterized by delayed clotting of the blood and consequent difficulty in controlling

hemorrhage even after minor injuries

  • Immunodeficiency – inability to produce a normal complement of antibodies or

  • immunologically sensitized cells especially in response to specific antigens

  • Intensified Cicatrization – overproduction in scar formation at the site of a healing wound

  • Lack of understanding on the part of the patient

  • Pregnancy and Lactation Period

     

Benefits of Leech Treatment

  • analgesic – lessens sensibility to pain without loss of consciousness

  • antibacterial – effective against bacteria

  • anticoagulative – hinders thickening (coagulation) of the blood

  • antihypertensive – effective against high blood pressure

  • antirheumatic – alleviates or prevents inflammation or pain in muscles, joints or fibrous

  • tissue (rheumatism)

  • anxiolytic – relieves anxiety

  • fibrinolytic – enhances the enzymatic breakdown of fibrin (a white insoluble fibrous protein formed from fibrinogen by the action of thrombin especially in the clotting of blood)

  • immunomodulatory – modifies the immune response or the functioning of the immune system

  • muscle relaxant – produces relaxation of the muscles

  • neurotrophic – influences the nerves as regards the nutrition of tissue

     

  • 1 Medical definitions are adapted from the Roche Lexikon Medizin (http://www.arztauskunftniedersachsen.de/arztauskunft/

  • arztsuche.rochelexikon.show) and the Merriam Webster Medline Plus Medical Dictionary (http://www2.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/mwmednlm).

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